There are three primary categories in which GMO crops fall. Let us summarize the categories here.
- Intrinsic bug resistance
- These strains of GMO foods are known as Bt strains, produced with genes from the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis.
- Foods with this genetic modification produce proteins that cause bugs that eat the plant to burst.
- Cotton and corn are the two Bt crops grown in the US.
- Herbicide tolerance.
- Known as Ht strains of GMO foods, the are modified primarily to tolerate glyphosphate pesticide so they are sprayed during growth.
- Alfalfa, canola, cotton, corn, soybean and sugar beet are all current crops grown in the US.
- Other traits-are dependent upon the type of food and trait desired
- Canola, corn, papaya, potato, rose flowers, soybean, squash and tobacco are crops grown in the US.
More detail of each of these categories can be found at this site.
Are there any non-GMO crops of these foods left?
That’s a good question! As of 2014, 94% of the planted area of soybeans, 96% of cotton and 93% of corn were genetically modified varieties.
Please to not be amiss to notice how close we are coming to 100% on many of these large crops. Applying this to daily life, this includes the soy sauce we eat and soy lecithin in many foods, the clothes we wear, and the foods we eat that contain high fructose corn syrup. Does that leave any part of your life that isn’t covered?